Stoneware jugs such as this were ubiquitous in the kitchens of antebellum Springfield, where they served as storage containers for liquids of all descriptions. With no running water, these vessels were also necessary to transport water within the home.
Stoneware clays produce much more durable vessels than redware clays, but they are harder to find, and require a higher firing temperature.
Stoneware products were
more often imported from other regions of the country. These particular jugs were likely made in west Central Illinois and sold at a Springfield dry goods store